By Shi Cheng (auth.)
This publication is a complete and confident learn of the distinctive trend of China's industrialization and fiscal improvement, overlaying the entire correct, major rules (more than 100) from 1949 to the twenty-first century.
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Additional info for China’s Rural Industrialization Policy: Growing Under Orders Since 1949
Taxing To get agriculture surplus direct through increasing agricultural tax. Liu Ruofeng (1997, p. 57 billion yuan, 43 per cent of the total national income accumulated. To protect, assist and guide rural handicrafts Because handicrafts belong to the private sector, not the socialist sector, they were targeted for transformation and for replacement by the state economy. However, in the early years of the new nation, China adopted a policy to protect, assist and guide the handicrafts. ” Thus, “it can assist our country step by step towards socialism” (ILCSFN, No.
4, p. 3 Liu Shaoqi (20 October 1952, ILCSFN, No. 3, p. 3 Policy controls Agricultural producers’ cooperative campaign The agricultural producers’ cooperative (APC) is an organization organized by farmers and one of four rural cooperatives in the rural cooperative campaign. In 1951, China had developed farmers’ cooperatives, but at that time the cooperative organizations were small, and were at experimental stage (CPCCC, 1951, ILCSFN, No. 2, pp. 510–22). In 1953, under “the general line for the transition period”, the CPCCC (16 December 1953) decided to establish the agricultural producers’ cooperatives nationwide.
Chen Yun on 6 June 1950 acknowledged that, “China is an agricultural country; the investment of industrialization has no alternative but to use agriculture. Industries needs to invest, and agriculture is our only source for funds”(ILCSFN, No. 1, p. 267). ) Economic Science Publishing House, 2000. Methods to derive agricultural surplus • “Price difference between agricultural and industrial products” The state withdraws agriculture surplus through consciously enhancing prices of industry products.