Chemical Reactions on Polymers by Judith L. Benham, James F. Kinstle

By Judith L. Benham, James F. Kinstle

content material: amendment of condensation polymers : demanding situations and possibilities / William H. Daly, Soo Lee, and C. Rungaroonthaikul --
Dimethylene spacers in functionalized polystyrenes / Graham D. Darling and Jean M.J. Fréchet --
Chemical amendment of poly(vinyl chloroformate) through phenol utilizing phase-transfer catalysis / S. Boivin, P. Hemery, and S. Boileau --
Chemical amendment of poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene oxide) and houses of the ensuing polymers / Simona Percec and George Li --
Synthesis and reactions of halogenated polyethers and polysulfides / Melvin P. Zussman, Jenn S. Shih, Douglas A. Wicks, and David A. Tirrell --
Polymeric dialkylaminopyridines as supernucleophilic catalysts / Subhash C. Narang, Susanna Ventura, and Roopram Ramharack --
Styrenic- and acrylic-siloxane block and graft copolymers / S.D. Smith, G. York, D.W. Dwight, and J.E. McGrath --
impact of the polymer spine at the thermotropic habit of side-chain liquid crystalline polymers / Coleen Pugh and Virgil Percec --
Polyimidazolinones through thermal cyclodehydration of polyamides containing [alpha]-amino acid devices / Jerald okay. Rasmussen, Larry R. Krepski, Steven M. Heilmann, Kumars Sakizadeh, Dean M. Moren, Howell ok. Smith, II, and Alan R. Katritzky --
Synthesis and characterization of N-phenyl-3,4-dimethylenepyrrolidine polymers / Raphael M. Ottenbrite and Herbert Chen --
Polycyclopropanone synthesis and hydrogenolysis / Roderic P. Quirk and James H. Dunaway --
Chain-propagation and step-propagation polymerization : synthesis and characterization of poly(oxyethylene)-b-poly(pivalolactone)telechelomer / K.B. Wagener and S. Wanigatunga --
amendment of polymer surfaces by means of photoinduced graft copolymerization / B. Rånby, Z.M. Gao, A. Hult, and P.Y. Zhang --
Photoozonization of polypropylene : oxidative reactions brought on by ozone and atomic oxygen on polymer surfaces / J.F. Rabek, J. Lucki, B. Rånby, Y. Watanabe, and B.J. Qu --
Photochemical variations of poly(vinyl chloride) : undertaking polymers and photostabilization / C. Decker --
Hydrophilization of polydiene surfaces by way of low-temperature ene reactions / Lee A. Schechtman --
floor heparinization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) motion pictures transformed with acrylic hydrogels / Cristofor I. Simionescu, Monica Leanca, and Ioan I. Negulescu --
Reactions of steel vapors with polymers / Colin G. Francis, Scott Lipera, Pascale D. Morand, Peter R. Morton, John Nash, and Peter P. Radford --
Synthesis and characterization of block copolymers containing acid and ionomeric functionalities / T.E. lengthy, R.D. Allen, and J.E. McGrath --
AB block copolymers containing methacrylic acid and/or steel methacrylate blocks : instruction through selective cleavage of methacrylic esters / Douglas E. Bugner --
Imide hydrolytic balance of N-substituted dimethacrylamide cyclopolymers : poly[N-(4-sulfophenyl)dimethacrylamide] / Joseph J. Kozakiewics, Sun-Yi Huang, Daniel R. Draney, and JoAnn L. Villamizar --
Radical-promoted functionalization of polyethylene : managed incorporation of hydrogen-bonding teams / M.F. Schlecht, E.M. Pearce, T.K. Kwei, and W. Cheung --
fresh reviews of polymer reactivity / Herbert Morawetz --
Analytical learn of photodegraded p-aramid in an ¹⁸O₂ surroundings / Madeline S. Toy and Roger S. Stringham --
response of atomic oxygen [O(³P)] with polybutadienes and comparable polymers / Morton A. Golub, Narcinda R. Lerner, and Theodore Wydeven --
Tri-n-butyltin hydride aid of poly(vinyl chloride) : kinetics of dechlorination for 2,4-dichloropentane and 2,4,6-trichloroheptane / Fabian A. Jameison, Frederic C. Schilling, and Alan E. Tonelli --
id of goods from polyolefin oxidation through derivatization reactions / D.J. Carlsson, R. Brousseau, Can Zhang, and D.M. Wiles --
Catalytic hydrogenation, hydroformylation, and hydroxymethylation of polybutadiene : synthesis and characterization / N.A. Mohammadi and G.L. Rempel --
Reactive modifiers for polymers / S. Al-Malaika --
Phase-transfer-catalyzed amendment of dextran applying dibutyltin dichloride and bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanium dichloride / Yoshinobu Naoshima and Charles E. Carraher, Jr. --
Cross-linking of ethylene-propylene copolymer rubber with dicumyl peroxide-maleic anhydride / Norman G. Gaylord, Mahendra Mehta, and Rajendra Mehta --
Synthesis of conjugated polymers through polymer removing reactions / Samson A. Jenekhe --
Cross-linking and isomerization reactions of an acetylene-terminated polyisoimide prepolymer / R.H. Bott, L.T. Taylor, and T.C. Ward.

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0 meq) were r a p i d l y s t i r r e d i n 4 ml dry d i m e t h y l s u l f o x i d e under n i t r o g e n a t room temperature f o r 3 h o u r s , t h e n a t 60°C f o r 24 hours. 26 g o f p a l e y e l l o w - b e i g e powder: IR (KBr) peaks absent a t 1363 and 1176 cm" f o r t o s i c e s t e r p r e c u r s o r ; peak p r e s e n t a t 1691 ( s , NC=0) cm" . A n a l . 196 : Ν 2 ' - 1 8 ' F o u n d : N 2 ' ' 0 6 ' (3-nitrobenzoyloxyethyl)polystyrene. 5 ml hexamethylphosphoramide under n i t r o g e n and warmed t o 60°C f o r 22 h o u r s .

Eur. Polym. J. 1986, 22, 423. 16. ; BOILEAU,S. A. 2293. 17. R. Am. Chem. Soc. Polym. Prep. 1967, 8(1), 723; J. Polym. Sci. 1968, C24, 75. 18. ; MEUNIER,G. Fr. Patent 1980, 2 475 558. 19. ; CHERADAME,H. Polymer 1982, 23, 849. 20. ; SENET,J-P. Polymer 1982, 23, 861. 21. ; BOILEAU,S. Polym. Bull. 1983, 9, 114. 22. ; BOILEAU,S. Bull. Soc. Chim. France 1984, II 201. 23. A. Polymer 1985, 26, 443. 24. ; BOILEAU,S. Can. J. Chem. 1985, 63, 1337. 25. W. ; LIOTTA,C. S. Phase Transfer Catalysis, Verlag Chemie : Weinheim, 1980.

I n t h e case o f p a r t l y m o d i f i e d polymers t h e s p e c t r a B, C and D show more c o m p l i c a t e d s t r u c t u r e s which can be presumably due t o s i g n i f i c a n t neighbouring-group groups and m o d i f i e d o r u n m o d i f i e methine carbon atoms. As shown i n Table I (runs 4-7) t h e degrees o f s u b s t i t u t i o n c a l c u l a t e d from the i n t e g r a t i o n o f t h e s i g n a l s c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o t h e methine carbons o f v i n y l c h l o r o f o r m a t e u n i t s and o f v i n y l phenyl carbonate u n i t s i n the m o d i f i e d polymers a r e i n good agreement w i t h the v a l u e s o b t a i n e d by e l e m e n t a l a n a l y s i s as w e l l as by 'H NMR.

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