By Victor Golla
Nowhere was once the linguistic variety of the recent global extra severe than in California, the place a unprecedented number of village-dwelling peoples spoke seventy-eight jointly unintelligible languages. This entire illustrated guide, a tremendous synthesis of greater than a hundred and fifty years of documentation and learn, studies what we now find out about California's indigenous languages. Victor Golla outlines the fundamental structural positive aspects of greater than dozen language forms, and cites the entire significant resources, either released and unpublished, for the documentation of those languages--from the earliest vocabularies accumulated through explorers and missionaries, to the knowledge collected throughout the twentieth-century through Alfred Kroeber and his colleagues, and to the intense paintings of John P. Harrington and C. Hart Merriam. Golla additionally devotes chapters to the function of language in reconstructing prehistory, and to the intertwining of the language and tradition in pre-contact California societies, making this paintings, the 1st of its type, an important reference on California's amazing Indian languages.
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Taylor. Rancheria Ta-kin near Dent's Ferry of the Stanislaus, 1856. (A. Taylor 1856) Mai 'du family (586-600) 1. Kon 'kaw. Stephen Powers. Round Valley Reservation, November 1875. ") 2. Hol-o'-la-pai. Stephen Powers. Feather River, a little below Oroville, 1872. 3. Na'-kum. Stephen Powers. Susanville, October 1875. 4. Ni'-shi-nam. Stephen Powers. Bear River, above Sheridan, 1874. ") 5. " H. B. Brown. ) *6. Cushna [N. Hill Nisenan]. Adam Johnston. South Yuba River, upper Sacramento Valley. (Johnston 1852b) 7.
The large man. Misuyo Woman. Tixu Miteme The feet. Tlasicuyo [Tlavicuyo] Mixacap [Mixacach] The fingernails. Tlaxpil Tuxusqui (1884:345-347). The tender (little) girl. The cord. Tarcom [Torcom] *From the translation in Priestley (1937:80-83), which is based on a transcript in the archives of the Museo Nacional in Mexico City. The original manuscript is in the Archivo General de Indias in Seville. The forms printed in brackets are the variants that appear in Ternaux-Compans's earlier publication of the Seville manuscript The sisters.
Healdsburg, 1872 and December 1875. ") 3. Yo-kai'-a. Ukiah, December 1875. ") *4. Ba-tem-da-kaii. George Gibbs. 1851. (Gibbs 1853b) *5. Chau-i-shek. George Gibbs. 1851. (Gibbs 1853b) *6. Yu-kai. George Gibbs. 1851. (Gibbs 1853b) *7. Ku-la-na-po. George Gibbs. 1851. (Gibbs 1853b) 8. H'hana. John Russell Bartlett. San Diego. ("From the servant of an officer. ) 9. Venaamkakaiia Governor J. Furu[h]jelm. ") [J. Hjalmar Furuhjelm, Governor of Russian America, was in correspondence with George Gibbs ca.