By Samuel C. Levy
This booklet is ready the right way to keep away from the injuries and accidents that can take place while batteries are abused or mishandled. it's the first ebook to deal in particular with this topic in a fairly complete demeanour obtainable to readers starting from normal shoppers to technical experts. Batteries and battery tactics are defined in enough aspect to permit readers to appreciate why and the way batteries reason injuries and what might be performed to avoid them. every year within the usa by myself, hundreds of thousands of people are injured by means of battery injuries, a few of that are seriously disabling. The tragedy is that such injuries needn't ensue. The e-book is meant to meet the desires of a different team of readers: battery clients usually, battery engineers, and architects of battery-operated gear and buyer electronics. because the e-book is a reference resource of data on batteries and battery chemical substances, we think it can even be helpful to these learning the surroundings in addition to to scientific group of workers known as upon to regard battery accidents. There aren't any necessities for an below status of the textual content except an curiosity in batteries and their secure usage.
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Additional resources for Battery Hazards and Accident Prevention
Chemical Hazards and Injuries. Batteries contain materials that are toxic and/or corrosive, and any time these materials escape from a battery they may cause personal injuries or equipment damage. The severity of any injury or damage depends upon the chemical nature of the materials involved and the manner in which they are dispersed from a battery. The most benign situation is one where a leak permits electrolyte to seep slowly from a battery. In this case, salt encrustations form at the sites of the leaks, generally, alkaline deposits at the crimp seals of alkaline cells and acidic deposits at the terminals or fill ports of lead-acid batteries.
Our examination of the reported battery accidents is limited to the information available from the National Injury Information Clearinghouse for the period January 1983-December 1992. 10 Much more information is available in files maintained by battery manufacturers, but that information is not available to the public. Because of the incomplete data base for our discussion, some caution should be exercised in the assessment of the relative frequency of the various types of accidents. Furthermore, many of the accident reports are fragmentary and give incomplete information on the types of batteries involved and the immediate cause of the accidents.
The mechanical hazards are generally caused by chemical or electrochemical reactions that trigger ruptures or explosions. During the life of a battery, different groups of individuals may be at risk if accidents occur: • Manufacturing workers • Personnel involved with storage, transportation, installation, and charging of batteries • Battery users • Waste handlers and disposal personnel • Battery recyclers • Individuals exposed to leachates from landfills or flue gases from incinerators In addition, there is the question of possible adverse effects on ecosystems due to improper disposal of toxic battery materials.