Autopoietic Knowledge Systems in Project-Based Companies by K. Koskinen

By K. Koskinen

This booklet supplies another observational scheme to higher comprehend wisdom construction and studying in project-based companies. It builds upon emergent new methods of taking a look at initiatives that is very important - as any self-discipline remains alive by means of mirrored image and re-framing rules as they're challenged, argued and clarified.

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Living organisms are considered open systems because they take in substances from their environment such as food and air and return other substances to their environment. For example, some organizations consume raw materials in the production of products and emit finished goods and pollution as a result. In contrast, a watch is an example of a Description Structures and frameworks Single mechanistic systems Control mechanisms, cybernetic systems Living systems Multicellular system Organisms with nervous systems Observing systems Social systems Transcendental systems Level 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 Source: Mingers, (1997, based on Boulding, 1956).

A system, which only produces something other than itself, is an allopoietic system. In other words, an allopoietic system produces components which do not participate in its constitution as an autonomous unity. Even if a system is capable of producing an exact replica of itself, a clone, it has produced something other than itself and has thus remained allopoietic. The above comments should not be interpreted as implying that an autopoietic system cannot produce anything other than itself: reproduction of autopoietic systems refers to their ability to produce autopoietic unities that are distinct from themselves.

It deals with internal feedback loops and time delays that affect the behaviour of an entire system. What makes using system dynamics different from other approaches to studying complex systems is the use of causal loops. These loops help describe how even seemingly simple systems display baffling nonlinearity. System dynamics has found application in a wide range of areas, for example ecological and economic systems, which usually interact strongly with each other. Besides this, system dynamics has been used to investigate resource dependencies, and the resulting problems in product development projects (cf.

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