By Jean C. Tamraz, Youssef Comair, Hans O. Lüders
The quantity presents a special assessment of the fundamental topographical anatomy of the mind from an MRI standpoint, correlating high quality anatomical plates with the corresponding high-resolution MRI photographs. The e-book contains a old assessment of mind mapping and an research of the basic reference planes used for the learn of the human mind. next chapters supply a close evaluate of the sulcal and the gyral anatomy of the human cortex, guiding the reader via an interpretation of the person mind atlas supplied via high-resolution MRI. the connection among mind constitution and serve as is approached in a topographical type with research of the mandatory imaging method and displayed anatomy. The relevant, perisylvian, mesial temporal and occipital parts obtain distinctive awareness. Imaging of the middle mind buildings is integrated. an in depth coronal atlas concludes the book.
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Extra resources for Atlas of Regional Anatomy of the Brain Using MRI: With Functional Correlations
1990) landmarks (Talairach et al. 1952, 1957, 1967; Schaltenbrand and Bailey 1959; Salamon and Huang 1976; Szikla et al. 1977; Talairach and Tournoux 1988). Neuroradiology has provided stereotactic validation of this reference plane at least for the deep nuclear structures of the brain, explaining its frequent 16 Fig. 3. Horizontal brain reference lines and planes. AC-PC, bicommissural plane; CG-CS, callosal plane; CH-PC, chiasmatico-commissural plane Fig. 4. The bicommissural plane of Talairach et al.
The external occipital protuberance and the fronto-occipital line (FOL) defined as the longest endocranial fronto-occipital diameter, with the bicommissural line (Fig. 6). Nevertheless, we agree with Bergvall et al. (1988) that these external landmarks, although suitable for different imaging modalities and helping patient positioning in the routine practice, are much too approximate and unreliable for precise anatomical and topometric studies. The opinion that the reference and the related target structure ought to pertain to the same ontogenetic system is still accepted.
The former is retained as the brainstem vertical axis, approximately perpendicular to the CH-PC plane and considered as the reference for the coronal cuts of the brain. 2 Anatomic and Imaging Correlations The PC-OB reference line intercepts, with the midsagittal plane, a PC-OB reference plane which laterally comprises the lateral geniculate bodies (Fig. 50). The lateral geniculate bodies, like the medial, are topometrically and volumetrically constant and do not show statistically significant variations between individuals, according to Delmas and Pertuiset (1959).