By Arthur D. Anastopoulos, Terri L. Shelton
This quantity presents baby overall healthiness care execs and educators with a finished set of empirically-driven, process-oriented directions for assessing young ones and youngsters who convey indicators of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity ailment (AD/HD). * bargains directions for carrying out an AD/HD evaluate;
* features a specified description of the defining beneficial properties of AD/HD;
* Comprehensively discusses how AD/HD and its linked positive aspects spread around the lifestyles span;
* offers an in-depth critique of assorted evaluate approaches.
Assessing Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder steers the reader throughout the technique of deciding on measures and attaining actual AD/HD diagnoses. The textual content additionally experiences the method of translating evaluation facts into remedy ideas, giving suggestions to kids and households, and comparing therapy efficacy.
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Additional info for Assessing Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Topics in Social Psychiatry)
In research using coaxial tomographic (CT) scans, structural differences in the brains of AD/HD versus control children have not usually been detected (Shaywitz, Shaywitz, Byrne, Cohen, & Rothman, 1983). Studies using higherresolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) devices have found differences in brain structure, but not consistently. , 1996). , 1993). Whether these anatomical differences are functionally important has not been adequately addressed. , 1997). Neurophysiology Brain function in children with AD/HD has been addressed primarily using cerebral blood flow (CBF) and positron-emission tomography (PET) studies.
Among those that have, findings have been inconsistent, presumably due to cross-study differences in defining AD/HD samples, small sample sizes, and other methodological limitations. As a result, what we know about the etiology of AD/HD is largely theoretical. Several lines of evidence point toward biological factors. In particular, research has pointed to abnormalities in brain chemistry, structure, and/or function. 1. Among them, genetic mechanisms and certain pregnancy complications likely account for the largest percentage of children who have AD/HD.
Even when there are no obvious signs of motor restlessness, some teens experience subjective feelings of restlessness, often described in terms of racing thoughts. Clinical experience would also seem to suggest that many teens are more inclined to exhibit verbal, rather than physical, forms of hyperactivity. Thus, it is common to hear complaints of incessant talking in class and not letting others get in a word edgewise during social conversations. Situational Variability Contrary to what many believe, AD/HD is not an all-or-none phenomenon.