By Michael D. Picone
This entire examine of Anglicisms within the context of speeded up neological job in modern Metropolitan French not just offers unique documentation and outline of a desirable subject, yet opens up new vistas on problems with common linguistic curiosity: the results of expertise on language, the analyticity-syntheticity controversy, the lexical contribution to language energy, the research of compound notice formation, the interaction among cultural and linguistic affectivity. through investigating the dynamics of borrowing in the better framework of basic neological productiveness and via bringing to undergo cognitive and pragmatic concerns, a much-needed clean method of the full query of Anglicisms takes form. All pertinent phenomena relating to Anglicisms in French — an issue which maintains to command the eye of language commentators and defenders in France and in different places — are explored: necessary borrowings, semantic calques, structural calques, the new release of pseudo-Anglicisms and hybrids, graphological and phonological phenomena. In each one case, the phenomenon is investigated within the right context of its interplay with different pertinent neological, phonological and sociocultural advancements. those contain normal adjustments in French compound note formation, converted derivational dynamics, the microsystem of pseudo-Classical morphology, historical phonological instabilities, the strain for extra man made sorts of lexical creation with regards to the desires of expertise and society. instead of adhering rigidly to any unmarried theoretical version, there's an try to manage a conversation among differing types on the way to arrive at a multidimensional view of the phenomena investigated.
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Additional info for Anglicisms, Neologisms and Dynamic French
Completed reality is cut up into its component parts and these are substantivalized and linked with the aid of a relational particle, as in 3a. All of this complies with the analytical-transcendent deictic stance of French and results in the creation of a compound fully conforming to a traditionally high-yield pattern for that language. The English equivalent follows the con tours of reality more closely, the presence of the adverb not only providing directional indication but, importantly, also serving to preserve the dynamic quality of the verbal element, this in contrast with the static quality of the substantive-rich French version.
The objective observer, however, must acknowledge that the historical neological timidity of French, and even the analytical propensities of French that have indirectly contributed to that timidity, have been partly created and maintained by normative forces, the same normative forces of which those various commissions and laws are also an outgrowth. This has had an out come that impinges upon the present lexicogenetic situation. Normative forces that have aligned historically with the cultivated element in society have thereby served to discourage popular neology using native French stock.
In this same juxtapositional category, Darmesteter also deposits forms like hôtel-Dieu, bain-marie, trou-madame. These are frozen examples of the Medieval use of the 'genitive of juxtaposition'—a vestige of case-based repre sentations between nouns—whereby a common noun could be juxtaposed to a proper noun to indicate possession. As French continued on its analytical path, however, de assumed most of the responsibility for genitive represen tation. Consequently, current continued use of the variety without de is clas sifiable synchronically as an example of ellipsis.