By Philip S. Mellor, Matthew Baylis, Christopher Hamblin, Charles H. Calisher, Peter P.C. Mertens
African horse disease virus is a double-stranded RNA virus which reasons a non-contagious, infectious arthropod-borne affliction of equines and sometimes canines. 9 detailed, across the world known serotypes of the virus have to date been pointed out. This e-book relies upon the findings of 2 programmes funded by means of the eu fee. will probably be of price not just to the expert learn staff but in addition to veterinary staff facing regulate and to legislators looking to advertise secure foreign stream of equines. the themes lined comprise cutting-edge discussions on diagnostics, vaccines, molecular biology, vector experiences, and epidemiology.
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Extra resources for African Horse Sickness
Hamblin C, Mertens PPC, Mellor PS, Burroughs NJ, Crowther JR (1991) A serogroup specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection and identification of African horse sickness viruses. J Virol Methods 31: 285-292 9. Hamblin C, Anderson EC, Mellor PS, Graham SD, Mertens PPC, Burroughs IN (1992) The detection of African horse sickness virus antigens and antibodies in young equidae. Epidemiol Infect 108: 193-201 10. Herniman KAJ, Gumm ID, Owen L, Taylor WP, Sellers RF (1980) Distribution of bluetongue virus and antibodies in some countries of the eastern hemisphere.
Respiration was 60-70 per minute and the mucous membranes were cyanotic. Viraemia was detected in both animals from day 5 onward (Table 3). Both ponies were euthanized on welfare grounds 8 dpi at the terminal stage of the peracute, pulmonary form of disease. The gross pathological changes were similar in both ponies and included generalised oedema between the fascial planes particularly in the neck and around the oesophagus, straw coloured pleural and pericardial effusions, interlobular oedema and petechial haemorrhages on the epicardium and endocardium of the interventricular septum, the left ventricle and the atrio-ventricular valves.
Mellor PS (1993) African horse sickness: transmission and epidemiology. Vet Res 24: 199-212 15. Theiler A (1921) African horse sickness (Pestis equorum). 5th Afr Dept Ag Sci Bull No 19 16. Theiler A (1930) African horse sickness. Medical Research Council. A system of bacteriology in relation to medicine, vol 7, chapter 31: Virus diseases - Bacteriophages. HSMO, London, pp 362-375 17. Venter GJ, Williams R, Nevill EM (1992) The value of donkeys as sentinels for African horse sickness. In: Walton TE, Osburn BI (eds) Bluetongue, African horse sickness and related orbiviruses.