Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery Volume 31 by Edited by J.D. Pickard, Cambridge (Editor-in-Chief),

By Edited by J.D. Pickard, Cambridge (Editor-in-Chief), N.Akalan,Ankara, C.Di Rocco, Roma, V.V. Dolenc,

This sequence, subsidized by means of the ecu organization of Neurosurgical Societies, has already develop into a vintage. normally, one quantity is released in step with yr. The Advances part provides fields of neurosurgery and similar parts during which very important contemporary development has been made. The Technical criteria part beneficial properties distinctive descriptions of ordinary systems to aid younger neurosurgeons of their post-graduate education. The contributions are written by way of skilled clinicians and are reviewed by means of all individuals of the Editorial Board.

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These enter the sclera not far from where the optic nerve enters it. The posterior short ciliary arteries, seven in number, pass in a forward direction around the optic nerve. The anterior ciliary arteries arise from muscular branches and pass in front, over the tendons of the rectus muscles. 46 G. Hayek et al. Fig. 7. Photograph of inferior aspect of the right orbit that was opened by removing its floor to show the central artery of retina (CAR) penetrating optic nerve (ON ) The supraorbital artery (which is absent in 12% of subjects) arises from the ophthalmic artery, often in its medio-optic part.

The Superior Approach Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Hybrid Lateral/Superior Route . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . References . . . . . .

Brain Res 751(2): 181–188 Yang SY et al (2004) Gene therapy of rat malignant gliomas using neural stem stells expressing IL-12. DNA Cell Biol 23(6): 381–389 Yenari MA et al (2003) Gene therapy and hypothermia for stroke treatment. Ann N Y Acad Sci 992: 54–68; discussion 79–81 32 T. Wirth and S. Yla¨-Herttuala: Gene Technology Based Therapies 184. Yla¨-Herttuala S, Alitalo K (2003) Gene transfer as a tool to induce therapeutic vascular growth. Nat Med 9(6): 694–701 185. Yla¨-Herttuala S and Martin JF (2000) Cardiovascular gene therapy.

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