Achieving Sustainable E-Government in Pacific Island States by Rowena Cullen, Graham Hassall

By Rowena Cullen, Graham Hassall

This ebook analyzes the typical set of hindrances to the improvement and integration of presidency info and conversation expertise (ICT) initiatives and potent e-government tasks in constructing international locations. It attracts at the services and event of extra constructed states within the Pacific, particularly Australia and New Zealand, either hugely rated in international ratings for e-government and lively in numerous e-government improvement initiatives around the quarter.

There has been a basic failure to spot priorities and align tasks with neighborhood wishes in ICT/e-government initiatives. Small Island constructing States (or SIDS) current a distinct challenge when it comes to e-government. not just do they be afflicted by a typical set of boundaries to ICT improvement similar to their remoteness, geographical dispersion, wet tropical climates, principally rural populations, and absence of ICT skill and infrastructure, yet also are depending on exterior firms for funding, and needs to negotiate with robust donors who've conflicting agendas.

E-government is generally considered as 'transformational', expanding potency, productiveness, responsibility, financial progress, and citizen involvement. yet whereas the governments of SIDS are devoted to harnessing ICTs for potent govt and financial improvement, they face significant demanding situations in developing profitable e-government tasks, as a result of difficulties defined above, coupled with an absence of HR capacities and applicable recommendations and policies.

Drawing at the event of the states pointed out above, in addition to neighborhood quasi-governmental our bodies, nongovernmental firms (NGOs), relief enterprises, and the personal zone, the e-book might be of curiosity to researchers and scholars within the fields of e-government, public management, political technological know-how, communique, details technology, and social media.

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Although some ICT systems are used across this group of activities, the application of ICT in these second-tier activities is inconsistent, more ad hoc, and dependent on specific aid grants or the interests of development partners. In general, ICT is not systemic across an agency or sector the way it is in the core group of agencies. An outer shell represents areas of government where traditional practice is far more prevalent; these sectors are further from the centers of government and, with some notable exceptions,12 their use of ICTs has not been recognized until recently as contributing to the economy, or essential to the well-being of the people and the protection of their rights.

1 The Information Ecology Approach In addition to the economic, developmental and physical impediments to the adoption of e-government noted above, some authors have suggested that there are other more deep-seated factors involved, and that adequate theory for exploring these is lacking: 1 E-Government in Pacific Island Countries 23 theory on how the government sector in particular in LDCs [Least Developed Countries] should operate appears to be almost entirely lacking… One problem is that [established theories on ICT adoption] have been developed and tested primarily in the context of developed or Western countries and are possibly not relevant in the context of many developing countries and LDC’s.

Siwatibau identified five characteristics of governments that sought to embrace the potential offered by e-government: • • • • • a commitment to invest in IT; adoption of appropriate policies; collaboration with other organizations; re-engineering of business processes; and employment of people with the right skills and attitudes. Siwatibau’s insights regarding successful deployment of new technologies are important, for they deal as much with policy leadership, public sector management and cultivation of capacity, as they do with the technologies available.

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